Hubble Space Telescope's Name:
Scientists believe our universe began with a “big bang” some 13.7 billion years ago. If all the events in the history of the universe until now were squeezed into 24 hours, Earth wouldn’t form until late afternoon and humans would have existed for only 2 seconds.
Hubbles Space Telescope Mission:
- Launch: April 24, 1990 from space shuttle Discovery (STS-31)
- Deployment: April 25, 1990
- Mission Duration: Up to 20 years
- Servicing Mission 1: December 1993
- Servicing Mission 2: February 1997
- Servicing Mission 3A: December 1999
- Servicing Mission 3B: February 2002
Hubbles Space Telescope Size:
- Length: 43.5 ft (13.2 m)
- Weight: 24,500 lb (11,110 kg)
- Maximum Diameter: 14 ft (4.2 m)
Cost at Launch:
- The Hubble Space Telescope whirls around Earth at a speed of 5 miles per second.
- Orbit: At an altitude of 307 nautical miles (569 km, or 353 miles), inclined 28.5 degrees to the equator (low-Earth orbit)
- Time to Complete One Orbit: 97 minutes
- Speed: 17,500 mph (28,000 kph)
- Sensitivity to Light: Ultraviolet through infrared (115–2500 nanometers)
- First Image: May 20, 1990: Star Cluster NGC 3532
Hubble transmits about 120 gigabytes of science data every week. That's equal to about 3,600 feet (1,097 meters) of books on a shelf. The rapidly growing collection of pictures and data is stored on magneto-optical disks.
- Energy source: the Sun
- Mechanism: two 25-foot solar panels
- Power usage: 2,800 watts
In order to take images of distant, faint objects, Hubble must be extremely steady and accurate. The telescope is able to lock onto a target without deviating more than 7/1000th of an arcsecond, or about the width of a human hair seen at a distance of 1 mile.
Aiming Hubble is like holding a laser light steady on a dime that is 200 miles away.
Hubble Space Telescope's mirrors:
- Primary Mirror
- Diameter: 94.5 in (2.4 m)
- Weight: 1,825 lb (828 kg)
- Secondary Mirror
- Diameter: 12 in (0.3 m)
- Weight: 27.4 lb (12.3 kg)
- Batteries: 6 nickel-hydrogen (NiH)
- Storage capacity: equal to 20 car batteries