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Former Astronaut Biographies - Learn More About Former Astronauts

Former astronaut biographies - learn more about former astronauts. Biographies of those astronauts who have left NASA after a career in NASA's astronauts corps, or have died. Read these astronaut biographies about former astronauts. Including the original mercury 7 astronauts.

Biography of Buzz Aldrin
On July 20, 1969, Buzz Aldrin became the second man to ever set foot on the Moon. The successful Apollo 11 Moon mission was a defining moment for America, and for mankind in general.

Buzz Aldrin Biography
Marion Moon and Edwin Eugene Aldrin had their son, Edwin Eugene Aldrin, Jr. on January 20, 1930 in Montclair, NJ. He would later legally change his name to Buzz Aldrin. He served as lunar module pilot for Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission. Aldrin followed Neil Armstrong onto the lunar surface on July 20, 1969, completing a 2-hour and 15 minute lunar EVA.

Walter Cunningham
Walter Cunningham NASA Astronaut (former) joined the Navy in 1951 and began his flight training in 1952. In 1953 he joined a Marine squadron and served on active duty with the United States Marine Corps until August 1956 and in the Marine Corps Reserve program until 1975. His present rank is Colonel, USMCR (Retired). He worked as a scientist for the Rand Corporation prior to joining NASA. While with Rand, he worked on classified defense studies and problems of the earth's magnetosphere.

Donn F. Eisele (Colonel, USAF, Ret.)
Donn F. Eisele (Colonel, USAF, Ret.) - NASA Astronaut (Deceased) was one of the third group of astronauts selected by NASA in October 1963.

On October 11, 1968, he occupied the command module pilot seat for the eleven-day flight of Apollo VII—the first manned flight test of the third generation United States spacecraft.

Dale A. Gardner NASA
Dale A. Gardner - former NASA Astronaut was born November 8, 1948 in Fairmont, Minnesota. Grew up in Sherburn, Minnesota and Savanna, Illinois. STS-8 launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida on August 30, 1983. STS-51A, the fourteenth flight of the Shuttle program, launched on November 8, 1984 (his birthday).

Daniel C. Brandenstein (Captain, USN, Ret.)
Daniel C. Brandenstein - NASA Astronaut was born January 17, 1943, in Watertown, Wisconsin. Brandenstein was pilot on STS-8, his first flight, which launched at night from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on August 30, 1983. This was the third flight for the Orbiter Challenger and the first mission with a night launch and night landing.

Richard H. Truly (Vice Admiral, USN, Ret.)
Richard H. Truly - NASA Astronaut was born in Fayette, Mississippi, on November 12, 1937. His first flight into space (STS-2, November 12-14, 1981) was as pilot of the Space Shuttle Columbia, significant at the first manned spacecraft to be reflown in space. His second flight (STS-8, August 30 to September 5, 1983) was as commander of the Space Shuttle Challenger, which was the first night launch and landing in the Shuttle program.

Norman E. Thagard (M.D.)
Norman E. Thagard - born July 3, 1943, in Marianna, Florida. Dr. Thagard was selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in January 1978. A veteran of five space flights, he has logged over 140 days in space. He was a mission specialist on on STS-7 in 1983, STS 51-B in 1985, STS-30 in 1989, was the payload commander on STS-42 in 1992, and was the cosmonaut/researcher on the Russian Mir 18 mission in 1995.

John M. Fabian (Colonel, USAF, Ret.)
John M. Fabian - NASA Astronaut was born on January 28, 1939, in Goosecreek, Texas, but considers Pullman, Washington, to be his hometown. Fabian first flew as a mission specialist on STS-7, which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on June 18, 1983.

All About Neil Armstrong
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped out of a thin oddly shaped box and into history. That box was the Apollo 11 Lunar Module, which Edwin Eugene "Buzz" Aldrin, Jr. had piloted to the surface of the moon. As Neil Armstrong made that final step from the Lunar Lander ladder, becoming the first man to step on the moon, he uttered that famous phrase, "That's one small step for (a) man; one giant leap for mankind." Now, let's learn more about this incredible man.

Neil Armstrong Pictures
Pictures of Neil Armstrong. Born on August 5, 1930 on his grandparents’ farm in Auglaize County, Ohio, Neil Armstrong was the eldest of three children. In 1969, Neil Armstrong was commander of Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission. On July 20, 1969, Armstrong and Aldrin descended to the Lunar surface and shortly thereafter, Neil...

From the Mojave to the Moon: Neil Armstrong's Early NASA Years
No Neil Armstrong biography would be complete without this information. Before joining NASA's astronaut corps, Neil Armstrong served as a research pilot at the NASA High Speed Flight Station, now NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, located on Edwards Air Force Base in Calif., from 1955-1962. That most famous small step Armstrong made on the moon on July 20, 1969 followed the pattern of his flying boots on the tarmac at Dryden years earlier.

Neil Armstrong Quotations - Quotes From Neil Armstrong - First Man on the Moon
Born on August 5, 1930 on his grandparents’ farm in Auglaize County, Ohio, Neil Armstrong became the first man on the moon on July 20, 1969 durin the Apollo 11 mission. These quotations are by and about Neil Armstrong, first man on the moon. Find quotes said by Armstrong as well as quotations about Neil.

Colonel Frederick D. Gregory (USAF, Ret.) Biography
Frederick D. Gregory is the Deputy Administrator of NASA. He assumed this position in August 2002. Frederick D. Gregory was the first African-American to pilot a spacecraft. Frederick D. Gregory was the first African-American to command a spacecraft.

Dr. Bernard Harris, Jr. Biography - First African-American to Walk in Space
Dr. Bernard Harris, Jr. Biography - First African-American to Walk in Space. Dr. Bernard Harris, Jr. was born on June 26, 1956, the son of Mrs. Gussie H. Burgess, and Mr. Bernard A. Harris, Sr. A native of Temple, Texas, he graduated from Sam Houston High School, San Antonio in 1974. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in biology from University of Houston in 1978 before follwoing that up with a doctorate in medicine from Texas Tech University School of Medicine in 1982.

Biography of Doctor Sally Ride - First American Woman In Space
Biography of Doctor Sally Ride, NASA astronaut and the first American woman in space. Tennis’s loss was a boon to the rest of the world as Sally Ride quit her dream of playing professional tennis and became a NASA astronaut. Sally Ride went on to become the first American woman in space.

NASA Space Pioneer John Young Retires - Astronaut Without Equal
John W. Young, who flew twice to the moon, walked on its surface and commanded the 1st Space Shuttle mission, is retiring Dec. 31, 2004.. The 1st human to fly in space 6 times and launch 7 times, 6 times from Earth and once from the moon. The only astronaut to pilot 4 different types of spacecraft, flying in the Gemini, Apollo and Space Shuttle programs. The longest serving astronaut in history.

Donald K. Slayton Biography - Original Mercury 7 Astronaut
Mr. Slayton was named as an original Mercury astronaut in April 1959. He was originally scheduled to pilot the Mercury-Atlas 7 mission but was relieved of this assignment due to a heart condition discovered in August 1959. Slayton became Coordinator of Astronaut Activities in September 1962 and was responsible for the operation of the astronaut office.

Alan B. Shepard Jr. Biography - Original Mercury 7 Astronaut
Rear Admiral Shepard was an original Mercury astronaut named by NASA in April 1959, & he holds the distinction of being the first American to journey into space. On May 5, 1961, in the Freedom 7 spacecraft, he was launched by a Redstone vehicle on a ballistic trajectory suborbital flight.

Walter M. Schirra Jr. Biography - Original Mercury 7 Astronaut
Captain Schirra was an original Mercury Astronaut named by NASA in April 1959. On October 3, 1962; he piloted the six orbit Sigma 7 Mercury flight; a flight which lasted 9 hours, 15 minutes. The spacecraft attained a velocity of 17,557 miles per hour at an altitude of 175 statue miles and traveled almost 144,000 statute miles before re-entry into the earth's atmosphere.

Virgil I. Grissom Biography - Original Mercury 7 Astronaut
Virgil I. Grissom was born April 3, 1926, in Mitchell., Indiana. He was was an original Mercury Astronaut named by NASA in April 1959. Lieutenant Colonel Grissom died on January 27, 1967, in the Apollo spacecraft flash fire during a launch pad test at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. He is survived by his wife Betty and their two children.

L. Gordon Cooper Jr. Biography - Original Mercury 7 Astronaut
Colonel Cooper was selected as a Mercury astronaut in April 1959. On May 15-16, 1963, he piloted the "Faith 7" spacecraft on a 22-orbit mission which concluded the operational phase of Project Mercury. Colonel Cooper has logged 222 hours in space. He retired from the Air Force and NASA in 1970.

M. Scott Carpenter Biography - Original Mercury 7 Astronaut
Scott Carpenter, a dynamic pioneer of modern exploration, has the unique distinction of being the first human ever to penetrate both inner and outer space, thereby acquiring the dual title, Astronaut/Aquanaut. He was was an original Mercury Astronaut named by NASA in April 1959.

Sally Ride - First American Woman In Space
Tennis's loss was a boon to the rest of the world. Born in Encino, CA on May 26, 1951 to Dr. and Mrs. Dale Ride, Sally Ride's early love was tennis. Realizing that all her hard practice wasn't enough to make her good enough for the competitive pro tennis world, she returned to her education. In 1983, Dr. Sally Ride became the first American woman in space on the shuttle Challenger.

Dr. Mae Jemison - First African American Female Astronaut in Space
Chemical engineer, scientist, physician, teacher and astronaut, Dr. Mae Jemison has a wide range of experience in technology, engineering, and medical research. In addition to her extensive background in science, she is well-versed in African and African-American Studies, speaks fluent Russian, Japanese, and Swahili, as well as English and is...

Adamson, James C.
Selection Year:1984Group:10Status:Former

Akers, Thomas D.
Selection Year: 1987 Group: 12 Status: Former

Aldrin, Buzz
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Former

Allen, Andrew M.
Selection Year: 1987 Group: 12 Status: Former

Allen, Joseph P.
Selection Year: 1967 Group: 6 Status: Former

Anders, William A.
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Former

Apt, Jerome
Selection Year: 1985 Group: 11 Status: Former

Armstrong, Neil A.
Selection Year: 1962 Group: 2 Status: Former

Bagian, James P.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Bassett, Charles A., II
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Deceased

Bean, Alan L.
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Former

Blaha, John E.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Bluford, Guion S., Jr.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Bobko, Karol J.
Selection Year: 1969 Group: 7 Status: Former

Bolden, Charles F., Jr.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Borman, Frank
Selection Year: 1962 Group: 2 Status: Former

Brady, Charles E., Jr.
Selection Year: 1992 Group: 14 Status: Former

Brandenstein, Daniel C.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Brown, Curtis L., Jr.
Selection Year: 1987 Group: 12 Status: Former

Brown, Mark N.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

Buchli, James F.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Bull, John S.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

Cameron, Kenneth D.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

Carpenter, M. Scott
Selection Year: 1959 Group: 1 Status: Former

Carr, Gerald P.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

Carter, Manley Lanier, Jr.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Deceased

Casper, John H.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

Cernan, Eugene A.
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Former

Chaffee, Roger B.
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Deceased

Chapman, Philip K.
Selection Year: 1967 Group: 6 Status: Former

Chilton, Kevin P.
Selection Year: 1987 Group: 12 Status: Former

Chrétien, Jean-Loup
Selection Year: 1995 Group: 15 Status: Former

Clifford, Michael R.
Selection Year: 1990 Group: 13 Status: Former

Coats, Michael L.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Collins, Michael
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Former

Conrad, Charles, Jr.
Selection Year: 1962 Group: 2 Status: Deceased

Cooper, L. Gordon, Jr.
Selection Year: 1959 Group: 1 Status: Former

Covey, Richard O.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Creighton, John O.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Crippen, Robert L.
Selection Year: 1969 Group: 7 Status: Former

Culbertson, Frank L., Jr.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

Cunningham, Walter
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Former

Duffy, Brian
Selection Year: 1985 Group: 11 Status: Former

Duke, Charles M., Jr.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

Edwards, Joe F., Jr.
Selection Year: 1995 Group: 15 Status: Former

Eisele, Donn F.
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Deceased

England, Anthony W.
Selection Year: 1967 Group: 6 Status: Former

Engle, Joe H.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

Evans, Ronald E.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Deceased

Fabian, John M.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Fisher, William F.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Freeman, Theodore C.
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Deceased

Gardner, Dale A.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Gardner, Guy S.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Garriott, Owen K.
Selection Year: 1965 Group: 4 Status: Former

Gemar, Charles D.
Selection Year: 1985 Group: 11 Status: Former

Gibson, Edward G.
Selection Year: 1965 Group: 4 Status: Former

Gibson, Robert L.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Givens, Edward G., Jr.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Deceased

Glenn, John H., Jr.
Selection Year: 1959 Group: 1 Status: Former

Gordon, Richard F., Jr.
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Former

Grabe, Ronald J.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Graveline, Duane E.
Selection Year: 1965 Group: 4 Status: Former

Gregory, William G.
Selection Year: 1990 Group: 13 Status: Former

Griggs, S. David
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Deceased

Grissom, Virgil I.
Selection Year: 1959 Group: 1 Status: Deceased

Gutierrez, Sidney M.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

Haise, Fred W., Jr.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

Hammond, L. Blaine, Jr.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

Harbaugh, Gregory J.
Selection Year: 1987 Group: 12 Status: Former

Harris, Bernard A., Jr.
Selection Year: 1990 Group: 13 Status: Former

Hart, Terry J.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Hartsfield, Henry W., Jr.
Selection Year: 1969 Group: 7 Status: Former

Hauck, Frederick H.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Henize, Karl G.
Selection Year: 1967 Group: 6 Status: Deceased

Helms, Susan J.
Selection Year: 1990 Group: 13 Status: Former

Henricks, Terence T.
Selection Year: 1985 Group: 11 Status: Former

Hieb, Richard J.
Selection Year: 1985 Group: 11 Status: Former

Hilmers, David C.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Hoffman, Jeffrey A.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Holmquest, Donald L.
Selection Year: 1967 Group: 6 Status: Former

Irwin, James B.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Deceased

Jemison, Mae C.
Selection Year: 1987 Group: 12 Status: Former

Jernigan, Tamara E.
Selection Year: 1985 Group: 11 Status: Former

Jones, Thomas D.
Selection Year: 1990 Group: 13 Status: Former

Kerwin, Joseph P.
Selection Year: 1965 Group: 4 Status: Former

Lee, Mark C.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

Lenoir, William B.
Selection Year: 1967 Group: 6 Status: Former

Lind, Don L.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

Linenger, Jerry M.
Selection Year: 1992 Group: 14 Status: Former

Llewellyn, John A.
Selection Year: 1967 Group: 6 Status: Former

Lounge, John M.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Lousma, Jack R.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

Lovell, James A., Jr.
Selection Year: 1962 Group: 2 Status: Former

Low, G. David
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

Mattingly, Thomas K., II
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

McBride, Jon A.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

McCandless, Bruce, II
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

McCulley, Michael J.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

McDivitt, James A.
Selection Year: 1962 Group: 2 Status: Former

McMonagle, Donald R.
Selection Year: 1987 Group: 12 Status: Former

McNair, Ronald E.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Deceased

Meade, Carl J.
Selection Year: 1985 Group: 11 Status: Former

Melnick, Bruce E.
Selection Year: 1987 Group: 12 Status: Former

Michel, F. Curtis
Selection Year: 1965 Group: 4 Status: Former

Mitchell, Edgar D.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

Mullane, Richard M.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Musgrave, Story
Selection Year: 1967 Group: 6 Status: Former

Nelson, George D.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Onizuka, Ellison S.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Deceased

Oswald, Stephen S.
Selection Year: 1985 Group: 11 Status: Former

Overmyer, Robert F.
Selection Year: 1969 Group: 7 Status: Deceased

Peterson, Donald H.
Selection Year: 1969 Group: 7 Status: Former

Pogue, William R.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

Reightler, Kenneth S., Jr.
Selection Year: 1987 Group: 12 Status: Former

Resnik, Judith A.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Deceased

Richards, Paul W.
Selection Year: 1996 Group: 16 Status: Former

Richards, Richard N.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Ride, Sally K.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Robertson, Patricia C. Hilliard
Selection Year: 1998 Group: 17 Status: Deceased

Roosa, Stuart A.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Deceased

Schirra, Walter M., Jr.
Selection Year: 1959 Group: 1 Status: Former

Schmitt, Harrison H.
Selection Year: 1965 Group: 4 Status: Former

Schweickart, Russell L.
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Former

Scobee, Francis R.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Deceased

Scott, David R.
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Former

Scott, Winston E.
Selection Year: 1992 Group: 14 Status: Former

Seddon, Margaret Rhea
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

See, Elliot M., Jr.
Selection Year: 1962 Group: 2 Status: Deceased

Sega, Ronald M.
Selection Year: 1990 Group: 13 Status: Former

Shaw, Brewster H., Jr.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Shepard, Alan B., Jr.
Selection Year: 1959 Group: 1 Status: Deceased

Shepherd, William M.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

Shriver, Loren J.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Slayton, Donald K.
Selection Year: 1959 Group: 1 Status: Deceased

Smith, Michael J.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Deceased

Spring, Sherwood C.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Springer, Robert C.
Selection Year: 1980 Group: 9 Status: Former

Stafford, Thomas P.
Selection Year: 1962 Group: 2 Status: Former

Stewart, Robert L.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Sullivan, Kathryn D.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Swigert, John L., Jr.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Deceased

Thagard, Norman E.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Thorne, Stephen D.
Selection Year: 1985 Group: 11 Status: Deceased

Thornton, Kathryn C.
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Former

Thornton, William E.
Selection Year: 1967 Group: 6 Status: Former

Thuot, Pierre J.
Selection Year: 1985 Group: 11 Status: Former

Truly, Richard H.
Selection Year: 1969 Group: 7 Status: Former

van Hoften, James D. A.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Veach, Charles Lacy
Selection Year: 1984 Group: 10 Status: Deceased

Walker, David M.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Deceased

Weitz, Paul J.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

White, Edward H., II
Selection Year: 1962 Group: 2 Status: Deceased

Williams, Clifton C., Jr.
Selection Year: 1963 Group: 3 Status: Deceased

Williams, Donald E.
Selection Year: 1978 Group: 8 Status: Former

Wisoff, Peter J. K.
Selection Year: 1990 Group: 13 Status: Former

Worden, Alfred M.
Selection Year: 1966 Group: 5 Status: Former

Young, John W.
Selection Year:1962Group:2Status:Associate Director, Technical, Johnson Space Center

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