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Mars - The Red Planet - 4th From the Sun

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Mars - The Red Planet. Discover Mars

An image of Mars - The Red Planet. Mars is the 4th Planet from the Sun.

NASA
  • MEAN RADIUS: 3388.0 km
  • MASS: 0.108 (Earth=1)
  • DENSITY: 3.94 (g/cm^3)
  • GRAVITY: 0.380 (Earth=1)
  • ORBIT PERIOD: 686.98 (Earth days)
  • ROTATION PERIOD: 1.026 (Earth days)
  • SEMIMAJOR AXIS OF ORBIT: 1.524 au
  • ECCENTRICITY OF ORBIT: 0.093

Mars Information::

Named for the Roman god of War, Mars probably got this name due to its red color. Mars is sometimes referred to as the Red Planet. The name of the month March derives from Mars. Known since prehistoric times, Mars is still a favorite of choice for human exploration.

The density of Mars is about 30 percent less than that of Earth (3.94 g/cm3 vs. 5.52 g/cm3). Its core is probably similar to Earth's, mostly iron, with small amounts of nickel, but spacecraft mapping of its gravity field seem to indicate that its iron-rich core and mantle are a smaller portion of its volume than on Earth. Also, Mars' smaller magnetic field than Earth, indicates a solid, rather than liquid core.

Mars' atmosphere is 95 percent carbon dioxide, nearly 3 percent nitrogen, and nearly 2 percent argon with trace quantities of oxygen, carbon monoxide, water vapor, ozone, and other trace gases.

The average temperature on Mars is about -55 C or -67 F. It can range from -133 C or -207 F at the winter pole to almost 27 C or 80 F on the day side during summer. Orbiting 227,940,000 km (1.52 AU) from Sun, the Martian year is nearly two Earth years, while a day on Mars is only about half an hour longer than Earth's.

Mars has two tiny satellites which orbit very close to the surface:

Satellites

  • Phobos
    Distance(000km) 9 - Radius (km) 11 - Mass (kg) 1.08e16 - Discovered By & Year Hall 1877
  • Deimos
    Distance(000km) 23 - Radius (km) 6 - Mass (kg) 1.80e15 - Discovered By & Year Hall 1877
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